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National Museum of Australia

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Gold miner's pick with initals 'JLR', Ballarat

2011.0032.0003

Gold miner's pick with initals 'JLR', Ballarat

Object information

Physical description

A miner's pick made with a light brown colour wooden handle and a metal head. The head has a beak shaped pointed cutting tip and a blunted end. There are the letters 'JLR' as well the word 'MAKER' incised into the head.

Statement of significance

The Victorian Goldfields collection comprises material related to gold mining primarily around the Ballarat region in the late 1800s. It includes gold mining equipment (two picks, a rope ladder, safety hook, windlass, mining cart), gold mining related objects (candle boxes, Chinese scales), gold mining images (including an S.T. Gill lithograph) and gold mining related documents (police gazette of 1853 - 55, a large folio of goldfields maps, goldmining company documents).

The discovery of gold in Victoria transformed the fledgling colony and had a lasting effect on Australian culture and society. Objects directly related to the extraction of gold in the early gold rush days of Victoria are extremely rare, and therefore this collection of gold mining equipment has great significance. S.T. Gill is considered perhaps the most important artist of the Victorian goldfields, and his lithograph of gold mining activity at Ballarat has great historic value. The police gazette features reports on the Eureka Stockade, a pivotal moment in Australian history and the maps and other documents from this time are extremely rare and have great significance.

Object information

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