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A human temporal bone with evidence of drilling. It is wrapped in tissue paper and stored in a white cardboard box. The box has no lid and the text 'Human 1977 / temporal bone / Graeme Clarke / drilled for surgery.' is written in black marker on one side.
The Graeme Clark/University of Melbourne/Cochlear Limited Collection consists of thirteen individual pieces of medical equipment and other objects related to the development of the bionic ear.
In 1970 Graeme Clark commenced as Foundation Professor of the Department of Otolaryngology at the University of Melbourne. In that role he led the team that developed the prototype bionic ear, which was implanted into the first patient, Rod Saunders, in 1978. This success led to commercial interest in the technology and, with the support of a federal government grant, in 1982 the Nucleus 22-channel was commercially produced by the Australian firm Cochlear Limited. Following an international clinical trial it was approved for use in 1985. It was the first multiple-electrode implant to be approved by any world regulatory body. Today approximately 80,000 people in more than 70 countries have received a Cochlear implant . The bionic ear has been hailed by many as the first major advance in the management of deafness since the introduction of sign language some 200 years ago. Professor Clark was Director of the Bionic Ear Institute from 1984 - 2005.
L 95mm x W 95mm x H 60mm